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在MacOS中部署Python虚拟开发环境

部署虚拟开发环境

虽然自己不是软件工程师,但有时候为了测试会写一些小程序,所以常常需要在自己电脑上设置开发环境。由于MacOS原生支持Python,所以我们可以不用那么麻烦的设置开发环境。但为了系统的稳定性,还是不要随便增加或变更自带的python,所以开发环境直接用虚拟环境就可以了,大概构架如下:


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How to convert SPP into text2pcap readable format by python

Introduction

There are some internal tools that can decode SPP packets at former, but they are not work now. In some scenario, customer coudln’t do span on our asr9k, so we only need SPP, then will face to how to decode SPP result.

The article disscuss how to covert SPP original data to text2pcap readable format, then decode by text2pcap. You only do the script that can auto work. Btw, before do that, you need have python2.7 and text2pcap (integrate in wireshark). If you have python3.0 or newer, that maybe have some issue, because some function have a bit different, you need adjust them by yourself.

Solution

Original SPP data:

=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~= PuTTY log 2017.12.04 17:12:19 =~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=
trace p stop
Tracing stopped with 666 outstanding...
spp-ui> trace print
Packet serial 861
port4/classify:
  length 148 phys_int_index 0 next_ctx 0xdeadbeef time 09:10:41.407
  00: 00 70 72 00 00 08 00 65 7a 00 00 00 ff ff 00 07 
  10: 80 30 00 00 00 00 0f 00 00 00 1f 00 00 00 00 00 
  20: 00 70 05 f2 42 fb 00 00 04 00 01 40 07 01 05 27 
  30: 06 03 0e 06 00 00 00 00 4c 00 00 00 00 00 58 00 
  40: 00 00 00 00 00 00 06 01 00 a1 13 41 92 60 00 b2 
  50: 64 41 8a 4c 08 00 45 c0 00 3e 00 00 00 00 fe 11 
  60: c8 25 12 ac 79 0d 34 df d0 01 02 86 02 86 00 2a 
  70: 75 5a 00 01 00 1e 3f da a4 0f 00 00 01 00 00 14 
  80: 00 00 00 00 04 00 00 04 00 5a c0 00 04 01 00 04 
  90: 3f da a4 0f 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 
  a0: 00 00 00 17 00 08 05 01 00 00 af c8 00 24 14 01 
  b0: 01 08 3f da d0 46 20 00 01 08 3f da d0 42 20 00 
  c0: 01 08 3f da d0 41 20 00 01 08 3f da d0 07 20 00 
  d0: 00 08 13 01 00 00 08 00 00 20 cf 07 00 00 07 16 
  e0: 4d 50 4c 53 2d 54 45 20 74 6f 20 76 61 72 30 31 
  f0: 2e 6b 6c 70 30 32 00 00 00 0c 0b 07 3f df 04 08 
--------------------------

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How to get correct Yang configuration on ASR9k

Now some customer test netconf-yang on our XR platform. And frequency to check how to get correct yang config(XML), then they test the yang config by their controller to touch with our devices. Now there are several ways to achieve that, summed up to facilitate review:

 

  • We can ssh 830 to asr9k paltform, then get the configuration, that should correct yang config, you can reference attachment at test-xml-by-ssh.txt
ssh cisco@10.75.49.25 -p 830 -s netconf
  • We can build Netconf NED by pioneer in NSO, then sync-from devices, and “devices device 9001-A compare-config outformat xml”, that should correct yang config
  • After install NSO, we can use follow tools to achieve that function too
netconf-console -u cisco -p cisco --host 10.75.49.53 --port 831 --get-config

 

Btw, please attention “-” and “–” that maybe cause command issue.

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Some effective tools tips on Mac platform

Transfer to Mac platform for many years, some effective tools are very useful at normal work. Some tools can transparent to covert to Mac platform, e.g SecureCRT, UltraEdit. But some of better new tools need to be adapted, so I wrote the article and discussed tips of them. That can help some people easy and effective to use the tools. Certainly, please support genuine software 🙂

Iterm2

I like login to linux server by terminal of MacOS, but that tool function very less and couldn’t auto generate logg, so I found another good free tool – Iterm2, that is good terminal console in MacOS. Let me show some tips on Iterm2.
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Auto check share memory utilization for IOX by Python

Introduction

In some scenario, we need to monitor some data in router/switch by automation. This article will show example that how to check share memory utilization. And you can easy to change the script base on your requirement/scenario.

Prepare

Due to “telnetlib” couldn’t exactly check expect messages by read_until() function (that couldn’t control exactly time when the info return to buffer), so I change to “expect”. And follow Bo’s example Python Expect Demo, and there is a good documents for expect demo from IBM too: 探索 Pexpect,第 2 部分:Pexpect 的实例分析
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