ASR9k Netflow and QOS order in the inbound direction

My customer match a issue that business traffics take IP6,7 flag, then the traffics auto mapping to EXP6,7 that cause control police congestion, and ISIS flapping due to BFD flap. So they want to check which traffics have incorrect flag by netflow, so need to check ording for netflow and QOS at input direction. I check some documents, nobody notice that, so the article will show test info, you can check if you need. Finaly test result: At ingress direction, packets will be cached first by netflow, then do other action in QOS.

Btw, due to auto mapping from TOS to EXP by range, e.g: TOS 192-223 will map to EXP6; TOS 223-255 will map to EXP7. So if we want to check the issue by netflow, suggest filter EXP data, as in my follow test, check by follow command:

RP/0/RSP1/CPU0:ASR9006-G#sh flow monitor test-mpls cache brief location 0/0/cpu0 | i 7-0
Fri Jan  8 04:57:39.604 UTC
      LDP 44.44.44.44/32        30000-7-0        40034-7-1           -                -                -                -          Te0/0/0/2       Te0/0/0/1       Fwd                  3888         36           Egr 12.1.1.1         55.55.55.55      0xff     icmp     0          2048

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IXIA Guide

We often to do complicated lab repro by traffics generator – IXIA, so it is important for us to use IXIA. In order to easy to handle the skill, I done some example by video. If you have good IXIA example video, please put here and share with us. The article will continue to be updated.

Deploy BGP and change AS-Path by IXIA Scenario

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How to resize LVM on Centos7/Ubuntu14.04 ?

After install Centos7, found disk size less, so I need resize the disk, you can use some tools to achieve the function, e.g: GParted or disk-genius. But if your Server disk format is LVM, you can easy to manual adjust that. I don’t know how to resize LVM by Gparted or disk-genius. For this article, will discuss how to adjust Centos7/Ubuntu14.04 by LVM. That should same action/command in Centos and Ubuntu.

If you want to check steps in Ubuntu, can check this attachment: lvm-resize-ubuntu14.04

1. Follow disk info

Check system contents by “sudo df -H”, check all disk status by “sudo fdisk -l”.

[root@frank ~]# df -H
Filesystem             Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/myvg-root  7.4G  7.4G  4.0M 100% /
devtmpfs               2.1G     0  2.1G   0% /dev
tmpfs                  2.1G  250k  2.1G   1% /dev/shm
tmpfs                  2.1G  9.5M  2.1G   1% /run
tmpfs                  2.1G     0  2.1G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/mapper/myvg-home  731M  140M  591M  20% /home
/dev/sda1              521M  126M  396M  25% /boot
/dev/sr0               4.2G  4.2G     0 100% /run/media/root/CentOS 7 x86_64

2. Relationship for VG, PV and LV

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How to convert SPP into text2pcap readable format by python

Introduction

There are some internal tools that can decode SPP packets at former, but they are not work now. In some scenario, customer coudln’t do span on our asr9k, so we only need SPP, then will face to how to decode SPP result.

The article disscuss how to covert SPP original data to text2pcap readable format, then decode by text2pcap. You only do the script that can auto work. Btw, before do that, you need have python2.7 and text2pcap (integrate in wireshark). If you have python3.0 or newer, that maybe have some issue, because some function have a bit different, you need adjust them by yourself.

Solution

Original SPP data:

=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~= PuTTY log 2017.12.04 17:12:19 =~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=~=
trace p stop
Tracing stopped with 666 outstanding...
spp-ui> trace print
Packet serial 861
port4/classify:
  length 148 phys_int_index 0 next_ctx 0xdeadbeef time 09:10:41.407
  00: 00 70 72 00 00 08 00 65 7a 00 00 00 ff ff 00 07 
  10: 80 30 00 00 00 00 0f 00 00 00 1f 00 00 00 00 00 
  20: 00 70 05 f2 42 fb 00 00 04 00 01 40 07 01 05 27 
  30: 06 03 0e 06 00 00 00 00 4c 00 00 00 00 00 58 00 
  40: 00 00 00 00 00 00 06 01 00 a1 13 41 92 60 00 b2 
  50: 64 41 8a 4c 08 00 45 c0 00 3e 00 00 00 00 fe 11 
  60: c8 25 12 ac 79 0d 34 df d0 01 02 86 02 86 00 2a 
  70: 75 5a 00 01 00 1e 3f da a4 0f 00 00 01 00 00 14 
  80: 00 00 00 00 04 00 00 04 00 5a c0 00 04 01 00 04 
  90: 3f da a4 0f 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 
  a0: 00 00 00 17 00 08 05 01 00 00 af c8 00 24 14 01 
  b0: 01 08 3f da d0 46 20 00 01 08 3f da d0 42 20 00 
  c0: 01 08 3f da d0 41 20 00 01 08 3f da d0 07 20 00 
  d0: 00 08 13 01 00 00 08 00 00 20 cf 07 00 00 07 16 
  e0: 4d 50 4c 53 2d 54 45 20 74 6f 20 76 61 72 30 31 
  f0: 2e 6b 6c 70 30 32 00 00 00 0c 0b 07 3f df 04 08 
--------------------------

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NCS6K: XRVM loses console

Problem

Customer get HostOS when connect to XRVM console after installing ISSU SMU, and confirmed XRVM normal work.

Background

  • SAVM and XRVM on all RPs and LCs, FC only have SAVM, check by “show vm” in admin vm, SAVM and XRVM mapping to console 0 & 1, as follow:
  • Except SAVM and XRVM, have key components that is host system in RPs or LCs, you can check host by follow steps, login by “ssh ” after “chvrf 0 bash”.

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